Specifiers should always consider to what extent water might penetrate a balcony or terrace outer cavity wall, and where that penetrating water might end up. In the example shown, the exposed outer parapet wall to the terrace incorporates an inward-stepping DPC with a flashing under to dress over the terrace surface upstand. Whilst acceptable in theory, the arrangement is flawed. When the exposed outer skin saturates, water can track on the underside of the inward stepping DPC, feeding wet directly into the room(s) below.
Inner skin removed exposing inward-stepping DPC
In situations where there is living accommodation below the terrace, it is essential that the protective DPC arrangement steps outwardly – despite it being shown otherwise in some technical manuals. A similar scenario exists with doorways providing access onto an upper-level terrace with rooms below. The protective arrangement in the cavity wall must step outwardly. It should also be remembered that the Building Regulation requirement of ‘fins’ on reveal cavity closers guides penetrating water downwardly, so the adjacent horizontal arrestment detail must interface, allowing it to receive and evacuate water at that level.
Showing outer cavity wall around terrace
Masonry skins of all thicknesses can saturate. The photographs show a 225mm two-brick outer masonry skin– but it is still saturated, and water under-tracked in severe weather. The 200-page Cavity Trays Best Practice Technical Manual demonstrates how such weakness can be eliminated using preformed outward-stepping approved Cavitrays and compatible interfacings.
Water can gravitate below sill level into accommodation under
Cavity Trays of Yeovil is the longest-established UK company in its specialised field and the only UK tray manufacturer awarded European Technical Approval.
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